Early detection of hearing loss and intervention in infants and young children are critical for optimal growth and development primary prevention can eliminate half of all cases of deafness and hearing impairment. Ear infections are the most common cause of this type of hearing loss in infants and young children this loss is usually mild temporary and treatable with medicine or surgery this loss is usually mild temporary and treatable with medicine or surgery. Read more about newborn hearing screening hearing tests for older babies and children a number of different hearing tests may be used to check for hearing problems in older babies and young children these are usually undertaken at an audiology department some of the main tests that may be carried out are described on this page visual reinforcement audiometry visual reinforcement . Rationale for screening universal newborn hearing screening identifies the majority of the 1 in 1000 children born with a hearing impairment hearing loss is not confined to those with risk factors approximately 40 of all children ultimately identified with sensorineural hearing loss do not have an established risk factor therefore . Congenital or acquired hearing loss in infants and children has been linked with lifelong deficits in speech and language acquisition poor academic performance personal social maladjustments and emotional difficulties identification of hearing loss through neonatal hearing screening regular
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