In the twentieth century the distinctive scottish use of stone architecture declined as it was replaced by cheaper alternatives such as portland cement concrete and mass production brick stone would however be retained as a material for some housing stock in edinburgh aberdeen and dumfries and would undergo revivals 53. This volume presents an interdisciplinary approach to the distinctive character and development of scottish housing with particular attention to the tenement. 20th century scotland an introduction ii bad reputations unemployment sub standard housing and poor levels of health had a dramatic effect on the national character of scotland. Of the condition of scottish housing the data showed that one room homes comprised 34 of the housing stock of scotland and that a further 37 of homes consisted of two rooms thus in 1861 71 of scottish homes consisted of not more than two rooms and housed 64 of the population. Architecture in modern scotland encompasses all building in scotland between the beginning of the twentieth century and the present day the most significant architect of the early twentieth century was charles rennie mackintosh who mixed elements of traditional scottish architecture with contemporary movements
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